Newsletter of the European
Low Gravity Research Association
Number 2, December 2000
Prof. Dr. Antonio Viviani
Seconda Università di Napoli
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale
via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa, Italy
Elgra - Registered in Munich, 22 November 1979, under the number 9702
Dear ELGRA Members,
"2000" - the year expected with so much enthusiasm has passed as fast as any other year. I hope that it was a very successful year for you and your work, but that you also found some moments to relax and to recover. 2000 is also the year where an important part of the International Space Station has been assembled. Since a few weeks a crew inhabits it.
For the ELGRA Management Committee it was a year with quite some work. In April we could present you our new ELGRA homepage. In June we have sent out the first Newsletter.
Furthermore we have printed an information leaflet on ELGRA, a poster announcing our meeting in Banyuls and prepared a folder with the ELGRA logo. The printing house offered us for free stickers with the ELGRA logo as well as note blocks. They will be distributed at our next ELGRA meeting. The poster is included in this mail. Please post it at the board in your institute, office etc. The folder will be used at our next meeting in Banyuls and contain the programme and further information.
At its last meeting, the Management Committee had an intense discussion on our homepage. We think that we should include some new features to make it more informative and more attractive. Of course any suggestions from your side are highly welcome.
The joint ASGSB-CSA-ELGRA meeting in October in Montreal was very successful. Several of our life scientists participated to this meeting and widely used the possibility to discuss their scientific work with our colleagues from the USA and Canada. More information is given in a separate report in this Newsletter.
In view of the next Ministerial Conference, ESA has defined an outline of the European Research Strategy for Life and Physical Sciences and Applications in Space. A first draft was discussed extensively in the Life Sciences Working Group, Physical Sciences Working Group and the Life and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee. But also you, as ELGRA member, had the opportunity to give your comments. A revised version of the research plan has now been discussed in a workshop organized by the European Science Foundation (ESF). As president of ELGRA I had the opportunity to participate to this workshop as an observer (see report in this Newsletter).
Now - at the beginning of a new year, the new millennium - we are looking forward to new challenges. For ELGRA the next important event will be the Biennial Meeting and General Assembly in Banyuls sur mer (F) on September 25 – 28, 2001. A description of the venue place as well as a preregistration form is included in this Newsletter. The preregistration form can also be found on our homepage. (www.elgra.org). I invite you to use this form. The titles of your tentative contribution will give us a guideline for your interests and the selection of key speakers.
I wish you a very happy and successful New Year and a good start into the new millennium. In our new information leaflet we have a saying from Heraclitus: "If you do not expect the unexpected, you will not find it; for it is hard to be sought out and difficult". Take this saying as your motto for the New Year.
(President of ELGRA)
Reports on Conferences and Meetings
Workshop on the assessment
of ESA’s research plan in life and physical sciences in space
Le Bischenberg, Strasbourg, 28-30 November 2000
In view of the next Ministerial Conference, scheduled for late 2001, ESA has defined a first draft outline of the European Research Strategy for Life and Physical Sciences and Applications in Space, based on the inputs of the user community. Six top-level objectives have been identified and grouped in six pyramids. The top-level objectives were selected so that they should have a direct connection with general research priorities in Europe, such as identified for example by the EC, or as seen as a need by the general public. At the lower levels of the pyramids, the objectives are divided into research priorities and specific themes. This draft was discussed extensively in the Life Sciences Working Group, Physical Sciences Working Group and the Life and Physical Sciences Advisory Committee. But also you, as ELGRA member, had the opportunity to give your comments.
A revised version of the research plan, divided now in 4 pyramids instead of 6, has now been discussed in the above-mentioned workshop organized by the European Science Foundation (ESF). The participants - space and non-space related - came from 6 different research fields: Biology, Physiology/Medical research, Exobiology, Fluid Sciences, Material Sciences and Fundamental Physics. Among the space scientists were also several ELGRA members. Two members of the ESF standing committee, P. Omling and R.P.H. Thomson participated as auditors. In my function as president of ELGRA I was invited as an observer to this workshop, together with some members of the Programme Board.
In the introductory session, Marc Heppener from ESA gave first an introduction to life and physical sciences in space: achievements and the need for a new approach, and than an overview on the research strategy and the ESA’s objective for this workshop. He pointed out that the future programme presented to the next Ministerial conference, describes the activities planned for 2002-2006. This programme contains four basic ingredients: (1) Define a user-driven research strategy; (2) Integrate ESA and national activities in an overall European strategy; (3) Harmonise with other European research activities and (4) Guaranteed work share for SME and medium-sized companies of approximately 75%.
In a series of splinter sessions, for which the participants were divided according to their disciplines, the participants had the task to assess ESA’s research strategy according to several criteria.
In a first splinter session, two selected speakers gave an overview, one for the non-space perspective and the other for the space perspective. These overviews were followed by a first discussion of the proposed research plan.
Between the splinter sessions, the outcome of the discussions was presented in plenary sessions were further guidelines for the continuation of the work were given.
After almost two days of intensive discussions the workshop was closed with the recommendation to repeat this "exercise" at regular intervals.
As outcome of the workshop, each group had to give recommendations with regard to the general strategy (general findings), the different disciplines (specific findings) and the 4 objectives (thematic findings). The auditors will now present the recommendations to the different ESF committees. ESF will than present a position paper to ESA for further discussion at the next meeting of the Programme Board.
4th International Conference on
HIGH TEMPERATURE CAPILLARITY
Kurashiki, Japan, 19-22 November 2000
This International Conference is the fourth in a series initiated in 1994 (Smolenice, Slovakia), and continued in Cracow (Poland, 1997). This Conference, conceived by Dr. Nicolas Eustathopoulos (Grenoble) with the support of Institutes in Kiev, Genova and Cracow, is intended to bring together scientists from western and eastern countries to discuss high temperature surface and interfacial problems, like wetting, surface tension, joining, interfacial mass transport, Marangoni phenomena and so on.
Microgravity related phenomena have always been a part, and not the least one, of the Conference programme, highlighted in ad-hoc sections or embedded in the different sections.
This year the Conference, under the direction of Prof. Kiyoshi Nogi, has been divided into three Sections, namely: Processes, Surfaces and Interfaces and Wetting. The nearly 100 participants from Western European countries, Poland, Hungary, Ukraine, Russia, Israel, Japan, USA presented some 45 oral papers and 52 Posters.
Interesting papers have been presented dealing with microgravity-related problems.
Thermocapillary flow studies on molten silicon as a function of oxygen partial pressure, performed on board sounding rockets and parabolic flights, have been discussed by Profs. T. Hibiya and K. Mukai. The same subject, i.e. molten silicon surface properties, has been afforded by Prof. K. Nogi's equipe, through the measurement, at microgravity, of the Si surface tension by the levitated drop technique. The results have been compared to on ground sessile drop experiments, showing a good reproducibility and a smaller scatter in the microgravity data. Thermocapillary convection, the subject of a space programme of the Inst. of Materials Res., Sendai, Japan, has been taken into account to model three dimensional patterns in liquid bridges for floating zone crystal growth. Joining problems are of high relevance in space applications. Two studies have been presented directly linked to the joining of truss structure members and to convection (gravity or Marangoni driven) in molten pools. The first study, from the Paton Inst., Kiev, has a direct technological relevance: it has taken into account a wide range of heating parameters, specific joining alloys and different electron beam morphologies. As expected, it was found that increasing surface tension forces improves the formation of the soldered joint at microgravity and that, in space, the best results are obtained by using a focused beam. The second study, presented by the equipe of Prof. K. Nogi, has examined the behaviour of molten aluminium alloys pools both on ground and at microgravity. It was found that, in particular, convection due to surface tension effects (Marangoni motions) was much less than expected in microgravity conditions. This effect is ascribed to the formation of surface oxide layers which hamper, for that specific alloy, the set-up of free surface movements.
Many other papers have been presented which may become relevant also for space applications. In fact, it is clear that all joining, wetting and interfacial reactions problems are part of physico-chemical processes in space. They all depend on surface and interfacial tension values and on their dependence on temperature, composition and presence of contaminants. For these reasons, the large number of theoretical and experimental approaches presented at the 4th International Conference on High Temperature Capillarity, deserve much importance for the development of Physical Science studies in space.
The next HTC conference will be held in Genova, Italy, March 2004.
JOINT MEETING OF ASGSB-CSA-ELGRA
Montreal, Canada, 25-28 October, 2000
The American Society for Gravitational and Space Biology (ASGSB) is organizing every year a scientific meeting that is the most important in this field. Two years ago it was decided to organize the 16th ASGSB meeting as a joint meeting together with the Canadian Space Agency and ELGRA in Montréal. Although the ELGRA Management Committee was well aware of the fact that only the life scientists within ELGRA will be interested, it highly welcomed this opportunity.
About 400 participants from research institutes, space agencies and industries, coming from more than 30 countries, attended the meeting, among them also 30 from Europe. Although the Europeans were in a minority they were clearly recognized as all of them contributed actively to this very interesting meeting either with an oral presentation or a poster.
The highlights of the meeting were the two Symposia, the first one on the "Consequences of contamination of the spacecraft environment" and the second one on "Psychosocial issues in long-term space flight" as well as the Minisymposium on "Current ground based models". Furthermore some 48 oral communications and 96 posters were presented, 16 posters were from undergraduate and 18 from graduate students that took part in a competition.
In the first symposium on the the "Consequences of contamination of the spacecraft environment" Duane L. Pierson and co-authors gave a lecture on the microbial contamination of spacecrafts, in which he presented the results of investigations on the effects of long-duration spaceflight on the microbial characteristics of closed life support systems and the interactions of microbes with the spacecraft environment and crewmembers. William T. Shearer reported on the influences of the space environment (radiation, weightlessness, stress, but also contamination of the spacecraft environment by micro organisms) on the immune system of astronauts and cosmonauts and proposed countermeasures for long term space travellers. Barry W. Glickman and co-authors presented her studies on the "Individual Variation in human DNA repair genes: consequences for the space traveller", and showed that the earths space environment is not mutagenic.
In the second symposium on "Psychosocial issues in long-term spaceflight" Larry Palinkas gave an overview on the current understanding of the psychosocial issues related to long duration space missions from three different perspectives: individual, interpersonal and organizational. Improved screening and selection, leadership, coping and interpersonal skills training are key elements to the prevention of performance decrements on long duration missions. Nick Kanas and co-authors presented results on this topic from a 4.5-year study involving 5 US and 4 Russian from the Shuttle/Mir space missions. Gro Sandal presented an outlook to the future. On the International Space Station astronauts and cosmonauts will form one international crew although living in different national modules. The scenario of rotating, multinational crews presents a challenge for mission planners in the field of optimising performance and interaction within and between crews.
In the Minisymposium on "Current ground based models" David Klaus gave an overview on different types of clinostats and bioreactors used as devices for simulating low gravity conditions on Earth and analysed the validity of the different systems. He stated that all underlying biophysical principles thought to give rise to gravity-dependent physiological responses must be identified and thoroughly examined in order to accurately interpret data from flight experiments or ground based analogs. Enno Brinckmann reported on studies on humans and rodents under conditions simulating a space environment, as confinement and bed rest studies for humans and suspension for rodents. Neal Pellis summarised his studies in the NASA bioreactor or rotating wall vessel. This Minisymposium was very well attended despite the fact that is was the last session of the meeting and was held on Saturday afternoon, thus demonstrating the importance of this topic.
The oral and poster presentations were grouped in different sessions with the following topics: Animal development, physiology and gravity sensing, advanced life support and biotechnology, cell biology, plant development, physiology and gravity sensing, spaceflight experiment results, and spaceflight physiology and medicine. Most of the authors presented the results of their studies on the influence of real and simulated low gravity as well as hypergravity on all kind of organisms and plants. In the session on advanced life support and biotechnology some reports on new and challenging projects as programmable plants for long term life support systems and tissue engineering in zero gravity were given.
A special poster session was reserved for undergraduate and graduate students taking part in a competition. Senior scientists have evaluated all posters. The first three in each category were honoured during the congress banquet. As one of the judges I had to study some of the posters very carefully and was really surprised about the high scientific level of the work presented.
Banquet speaker Bob Thirsk, a Canadian astronaut, presents a commemorative plaque to the three organizing partners of the joint meeting. From left to right: Bob Thirsk, Richard Wassersug (Canada), Marianne Cogoli-Greuter (President of ELGRA), Jay Buckey (ASGSB President 1999-2000).
FIRST INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
on MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH & APPLICATIONS in PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
Sorrento, Italy, 10-15 September 2000
The First International Symposium on Microgravity Research and Applications in Physical Sciences and Biotechnology has been held in Sorrento (Italy) on September 10-15, 2000, organized by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Seconda Università di Napoli (SUN), the host Institution in Italy. The symposium, open to participants from all over the world, is the continuation of the successful series of European Symposia sponsored by ESA, which started with the two pioneering editions held in Frascati (Italy, 1974,1976), followed by the editions of Grenoble (France, 1979), Madrid (Spain, 1983), Schloss-Elmau (Germany, 1984), Bordeaux (France, 1986), Oxford (United Kingdom, 1989), Bruxelles (Belgium, 1992), Berlin (Germany, 1995) and S. Petersburg (Russia, 1997).
The launch of the first element of the International Space Station (ISS), a joint venture by the USA, Russia, Canada, Japan and Europe took place in 1998. Assembly is scheduled to be complete in 2004 and six astronauts will then occupy the ISS on a permanent basis. The utilisation of the International Space Station is now being defined, in part based on recent ESA Announcement of Opportunity soliciting proposals for basic microgravity research and research programme proposals addressing industrially relevant problems. At the same time, the International Microgravity Strategic Planning Group (IMSPG), where ASI, CNES, CSA, DLR, NASA, NASDA and ESA are represented, has agreed on a strategic plan for coordination and cooperation in the utilization of the ISS. To mark the opening of this new era of international cooperation for microgravity sciences exploitation, to the European series of Symposia has been given the attribute "International" thus starting with the First International Symposium on Microgravity Research and Applications in Physical Sciences and Biotechnology, co-sponsored by the Space Agencies represented in the IMSPG.
The Symposium opened with the introductions of Antonio Rodotà, Director General of the European Space Agency, and Jörg Feustel-Büechl, Director of Manned Space Flight and Microgravity at the European Space Agency, a welcome address by Antonio Viviani, Chairman of the Symposium, and a lecture given by Ilya Prigogine, "Nobel Laureate" and Chairman of the Scientific Committee of the Symposium.
The Symposium has been a forum for scientists from academia and industry to report on their recent results, to discuss and exchange information, to assess the state-of-the-art, to identify key areas where greater effort is required and to establish cooperation, over the broad field of gravity dependent phenomena in Physical Sciences and Biotechnology. More than 200 papers, oral and posters, have been given; results originating from theoretical work, numerical modelling and flight investigations have been presented over a wide range of topics, the major ones being Fundamental Physics, Fluid Physics, Heat and Mass Transport Phenomena, Physical Chemistry, Thermophysical Properties, Combustion, Solidification Physics, Crystallization of Inorganic Materials and Biological Macromolecules. A special goal of the Symposium, in view of the ISS utilization, has been the presentation and discussion of the draft of an International Announcement of Opportunities (IAO) in Physical Sciences and Biotechnology, then issued in November 2000 with deadline for responding on January 12, 2001. In this contest, the gathering has been also an excellent occasion for scientists to get detailed information on the objectives of the IAO and to discuss joint research programmes for responding to the outcoming International Announcement of Opportunities.
20th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS
ON THEORETICAL AND APPLIED MECHANICS Chicago, USA
August 27-September 2, 2000
For more information, see: http://www.tam.uiuc.edu/ICTAM2000/
A Pre-nominated session (P56) on Microgravity Mechanics was held as part of the 20th edition of the International Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. It was chaired by S. Ostrach (co-chairs H. Rath and V. Polezhaev). The level of the conference was very high; only about half of the submitted abstracts were acepted for presentation.
An overview on the session can be found at: http://www.tam.uiuc.edu/ICTAM2000/Program/P56/Overview/
Some details of the summary
by V. Polezhaev are reproduced here:
".... Any time we drop or throw something and watch it fall to the ground, we see gravity in action. The macroscopic effects of gravity on fluids are, generally, well known. In fluids at rest hydrostatic pressure results from gravity. The buoyancy force on matter submerged in a fluid is proportional to both the gravitational force and the difference in density between the matter and the fluid. Thus, suspended particles such as gas bubbles, liquid drops, and solids move upward if they are less dense and downward if they are more dense than the surrounding fluid. Similarly, non-homogenized miscible but different liquids become stratified with density decreasing upwards. Immiscible liquids become aligned in similar layers of phases. Such liquids are stabily stratified. If heat or a solute is added to a fluid column, density gradients are established in the fluid and the ultimate result is that, in the presence of the gravitational force, fluid motions are generated that are called buoyancy-driven convection. The flow can influence transport phenomena, such as heat transfer and solute redistribution. Thus, the macroscopic consequences of gravity on fluids are:
Each of these, which is directly proportional to the magnitude of gravity, can obviously be reduced in proportion to the reduction of gravity. Under low-gravity conditions, it is also possible that other effects that are suppressed on Earth can become significant and generate flows. Thus, fluid and thermal scientists have been motivated to investigate such unusual phenomena in low-gravity environments. In addition to scientific merit of such research, it has practical utility because many of the mission enabling and enhancing technologies involve fluid flows and heat and mass transfer, and their behavior and performance will be different from that in a terrestrial environment. Therefore, microgravity research is necessary to develop knowledge bases from which advanced technologies can be designed. There are a number of ways to obtain microgravity environments in which the research can be performed. A drop tower is a long vertical shaft in which experimental packages are dropped to achieve microgravity through freefall. Only a few seconds of microgravity conditions are obtained in this way. Reduced-gravity aircraft are flown in parabolic arcs to achieve periods of microgravity for about 20 to 30 seconds. Sounding rockets provide several minutes of microgravity conditions and it is a much steadier environment than in airplanes. A space shuttle (such as the U.S.'s Space Shuttle in the left-hand figure above) is a reusable launch vehicle that can maintain a consistent orbit and provide up to about 17 days of high-quality microgravity condition. Experiments are performed in a laboratory environment. A space station (such as the Russian orbital complex Mir in the figure above) is a facility that remains in low Earth orbit for decades and enables research to be conducted for long periods. Microgravity mechanics serves as a basis for more complicated microgravity sciences, which include analysis of microgravity impact on living systems (life sciences), biotechnology, crystal growth, combustion, fundumental physics, etc., as well as on technical processes and systems. With the International Space Station, which is in progress now, international cooperation will allow scientists to get a better look inside the 'microgravity world' during the 21st century. There are great opportunities for advancement in …".
Communicated by Hendrik Kuhlmann
ELGRA Biennial Meeting 2001
Biennial Meeting and General Assembly
Banyuls sur mer (F) - September 25 – 28, 2001
For more information, see:
Observatoire Océanologique, (Laboratoire Arago)
CNRS / Université P. et M. Curie, 66 650 Banyuls sur mer, France
Banyuls and the "Laboratoire Arago"
Banyuls sur mer is a small town of about 5000 inhabitants, located at the Western Mediterranean Sea, in the most southern region of France, the Roussillon (Departement Pyrénées-Orientales). During summertime, numerous tourists enjoy the rocky shore, the sea and the Eastern Pyrenees mountains. Aristide Maillol, the famous sculptor, was born and worked here. Banyuls can easily be reached by car, train and plane, either travelling through France (via Perpignan, 40 km away) or coming from Spain (e.g. from Barcelona, 200 km away). The "Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls" (www.obs-banyuls.fr), created in 1882, is commonly known as "Laboratoire Arago" (after the French-Catalonian astronomer François Arago). It is one of the three main marine stations of France with a permanent staff of more than 110 persons. The guiding institutions are the "Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris VI" (UMPC) and the "Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique" (CNRS). Due to the diversity of the marine and terrestrial environment, scientific research spans from biological oceanology to cellular, developmental and molecular biology on selected marine models. Every year, many guest scientists from all over the world and more than 800 students of 30 European universities visit the "Laboratoire Arago." The organisation of symposia and congresses has a long tradition here and a new auditorium has recently been inaugurated. A further attraction of the "Laboratoire Arago" is the remarkable public aquarium, presenting the rich fauna of the Mediterranean Sea. For these good reasons and particularly in view of an interesting scientific program (in preparation), we would like to invite you to attend this forthcoming biennial meeting of ELGRA.
Tuesday, September 25: Registration / Welcome (from 18:00h onwards)
Wednesday, September 26: Registration /Scientific Sessions / Posters /
General Assembly / Reception
Thursday, September 27: Scientific Sessions / Posters / Banquet
Friday, September 28: Scientific Sessions / Closure (late afternoon)
September is one of the most pleasant months of the year. The crowded tourist season is over and the weather is usually nice and stable; the water temperature is still fine for swimming in the sea and the vintage for producing the famous "Banyuls" wine is going on.
Please mark the dates of this ELGRA meeting of Banyuls. Download and return the enclosed Registration Form by June 15. The final meeting announcement, with the call for presentations and other informations, will be issued around April 10. The deadline for submission of abstract is June 15, 2001. We may remind you also our ELGRA web site www.elgra.org.
The local organizer H.-J. Marthy
Observatoire Océanologique, 66650 Banyuls sur mer, France
Fax : 0033 (0)468 88 73 98
January 8 - 11, 2001
15th Annual AIAA Microgravity Science and Space Processing Symposium
Reno, NV Part of the AIAA 39th Aerospace Sciences Meeting
Sponsored by the Microgravity and Space Processes Technical Committee
Contact: Henry Nahra
John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Cleveland, OH 44135
Tel: (216) 433-5385, Fax: (216) 433-8050
AIAA URL: http://www.aiaa.org/
February 11- 15, 2001
Space Technology and Applications International Forum
Sponsored by: Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies (ISNPS)
Tel: (505) 277-0446, Fax: (505) 277-2814
April 16 - 20, 2001
MRS Spring Meeting
San Francisco, CA
Materials Research Society Spring Meeting
Contact: Member Services
506 Keystone Dr., Warrendale, PA 15086-7573
Tel: 724-779-3003, Fax: 724-779-8313
May 1 - 4, 2001
2nd Pan Pacific Basin
Workshop on Microgravity Sciences
Sponsored by Association of Pacific Rim Universities, USA, National Society of Microgravity Science and Application, China, and Japan Society of Microgravity Application, Japan
Contact: Dr. Narayanan (Ram) Ramachandran, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35803
Tel: 256-544-8303, Fax 256-544-8891
May 22 - 24, 2001
Microgravity Combustion Science Workshop
Sponsored by: Office of Biological and Physical Research, Physical Sciences Research Division and The NASA Microgravity Combustion Science Discipline Working Group
Hosted by: The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field and The National Center for Microgravity Research on Fluids and Combustion
Contact: Kurt Sacksteder, NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, M/S 500-115, Cleveland, OH 44135
Tel: (216) 433-2857, Fax: (216) 977-7065
July 8 - 13, 2001
Gravitation Effects on Living Systems
New London, CT
Gordon Research Conference to be held at Connecticut College
Contact: Ruth Anne Eatock, Baylor College of Medicine
Department of Orolaryngology, One Baylor Plaza
Houston, TX 77030-3498
July 8 - 13, 2001
Gravitational Effects in Physico-Chemical Systems
New London, NH
Gordon Research Conference to be held at Colby-Sawyer College
Contact: Paul H. Steen, Cornell University, Department of Chemical Engineering
346 Olin Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853
August 28 - 30, 2001
Sponsored by American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
Hosted by the Air Force Research Laboratory AFRL/VS
Attn: AIAA Conference
3550 Aberdeen Ave SE
Kirtland AFB, NM 87117-5776
Tel: 505/ 846-7877, Fax: 505/ 846-1338
October 1 - 5, 2001
52nd International Astronautical Congress
Sponsored by : International Astronautical Federation (IAF)
Conference Theme: Meeting the Needs of the New Millennium
50th Anniversary of the IAF
Technical Program: IAF Secretariat, 3-5, rue Mario Nikis, 75015 Paris - France
Tel: 33 (0) 1 45 67 42 60, Fax: 33 (0) 1 42 73 21 20
IAF 2001 Toulouse Secretariat
c/o Toulouse Space Center
18 avenue Edouard Belin
31404 Toulouse CEDEX 4 - France
Tel: 33 (0)5 61 28 14 30, Fax: 33 (0)5 61 28 14 33
October 15-18, 2001
Conference on International Space Station Utilization
Kennedy Space Center, FL
Sponsored by: Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies
Contact: Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies
University of New Mexico, Farris Engineering Center, Rm. 239
Albuquerque, NM 87131-1392
Tel: (505) 277-0446. Fax: (505) 277-2814
May 5-9, 2002
73rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association
May 27-31, 2002
June 2-7, 2002
XII CONFERENCE ON SPACE BIOLOGY AND AEROSPACE MEDICINE
Information Contact person: Alla G. Vinokhodova at email@example.com.
Contact telephones: (7-095) 195-0223, (7-095) 195-0053, (7-095) 195-0103; fax: (7-095) 195-2253
The deadline for receipt of abstracts submitted by mail, fax or e-mail is December 31, 2001
URL : http://www.imbp.ru/webpages/engl/Conference/2002/Biomed/inf01.html
8th European Symposium on Life Sciences Research in Space and 23rd Annual International Gravitational Physiology Meeting
October 11-20, 2002
World Space Congress 2002
Sponsored by American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
Committee On Space Research (COSPAR)
International Astronautical Federation (IAF)
National Academy Of Sciences (NAS)
Contact: The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
1801 Alexander Bell Drive - Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344
Tel: (703) 264-7500 , Fax: (703) 264-7551
Institutions and Organizations of interest